Reduction of invasive bacteria in ethanol fermentations using bacteriophages.

TitleReduction of invasive bacteria in ethanol fermentations using bacteriophages.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsTO Worley-Morse, MA Deshusses, and CK Gunsch
JournalBiotechnology & Bioengineering
Volume112
Issue8
Start Page1544
Pagination1544 - 1553
Date Published08/2015
Abstract

Invasive Lactobacillus bacteria inhibit ethanol fermentations and reduce final product yields. Due to the emergence of antibiotic resistant strains of Lactobacillus spp., alternative disinfection strategies are needed for ethanol fermentations. The feasibility of using the bacteriophage (phage) 8014-B2 to control Lactobacillus plantarum in ethanol fermentations by Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated. In 48 h media-based shake flask fermentations, phages achieved greater than 3-log inactivation of L. plantarum, protected final ethanol yields, and maintained yeast viability. The phage-based bacterial disinfection rates depended on both the initial phage and bacterial concentrations. Furthermore, a simple set of kinetic equations was used to model the yeast, bacteria, phage, reducing sugars, and ethanol concentrations over the course of 48 h, and the various kinetic parameters were determined. Taken together, these results demonstrate the applicability of phages to reduce L. plantarum contamination and to protect final product yields in media-based fermentations.

DOI10.1002/bit.25586
Short TitleBiotechnology & Bioengineering